Cartilage covers the end of the femur (thigh bone) and the top of the tibia (shin bone) where they meet at the knee joint. This covering may be damaged in an isolated injury or associated with other knee injuries mentioned. This can cause pain and swelling in the knee.
Depending on the nature of the cartilage injury, surgery may be performed as a day-case procedure with arthroscopy. This may be smoothening off any uneven tears in the cartilage or if required the use of an instrument to stimulate the growth of new cartilage, a procedure called microfracture.
The rehab for microfracture has to be slow in order to allow the growth of new cartilage to fill any defect caused by injury. The initial range of motion is determined intra-operatively but prevents any excess for being placed upon the new cartilage growth. There is a step wise progression under the guidance of our physiotherapy team.